Toy fox Terrier is a small mobile dog weighing up to 3 kg. Mini breed representatives barely reach 1.8 kg. Despite their tiny size, fox terriers are courageous guards. They also differ in excellent appetite. Fox terrier is so gluttonous that they seem to be ready to eat more than they themselves weigh. But you shouldn’t follow the lead of a small predator. You can not indulge the whims of the pet, often offering him “snacks” in response to begging. A dog who constantly receives treats will develop digestive disorders, gain excess weight, and get a heart and musculoskeletal problems. Before the dog appears in your house, figure out how to feed the toy fox terrier at home.
The Russian Toy fox Terrier, who loves to eat tightly, needs very little food – just a few spoons a day. In such a small amount of feed, you need to fit all the necessary nutrients, minerals, vitamins, fiber, and fatty acids. Therefore, the preparation of the diet of the “fidget” should be given close attention. How you treat your pet depends on its posture, the condition of the coat, and the health of the dog in general. When feeding a toy fox terrier, they adhere to the following rules:
- Food can be monotonous, but complete in content.
- You need to feed the fox terrier in a constant place at the same time.
- The animal must have constant access to clean drinking water.
- They feed the dog after a walk. Fox terrier chiks are cheerful, hyperactive. Eating just before walking is a common cause of volvulus.
- You cannot feed that cold and hot food. Food should be lukewarm or at room temperature.
- Treats are offered to the fox terrier only during the main meal.
- Uneaten food leftovers are taken away after 15–20 minutes. Sour food can cause food poisoning.
- You cannot regale food from your table. Salty and spicy foods are unsuitable food for dogs.
- After eating, the dog should be allowed to rest for 1-1.5 hours.
How much and how often to feed?
How much to offer to feed a pet depends on its age, activity, season. In winter, food should be more high-calorie, replenishing energy costs for rewarming. In summer, you need lighter food, you can feed less often. Puppies, pregnant women, nursing babies, and mobile dogs need more calories. Elderly and neutered dogs do not need high-energy foods.
The amount of food for the Russian Toy Terrier is calculated taking into account 50–80 g of food per kilogram of the dog’s weight. You will be able to find the serving size for your pet by observing him. According to the intensity of food absorption, it will be notified whether the belly is full, even if it continues to eat. You need to observe for several days and determine the nutritional norm for your fox terrier.
If the mother is feeding the puppies and there is enough milk, there is no need to worry. But when the bitch has lost milk or there is very little of it, the dog cubs are treated like this:
- the first two weeks – every couple of hours,
- from the second to the third week, the break between feedings is 3 hours,
- from the third week to one month of age – 4 hours.
At 1–2 months, they feed them six times a day, at 2–3 months – 5 times, up to 4 months – four times, from 4 to 10 months – three times. From 10 months to 18 months, two meals a day are allowed. From one and a half years of age, you can feed once. But if the doggie can’t stand it, you can leave the feeding 2 times a day.
Tip: An adult dog with a two-time feeding schedule is given breakfast early, preventing hungry fainting. Dinner should be light, not heavy on the small dog’s stomach.
Do’s and Don’ts: Food List
Toy Terrier is unpretentious in food. But treating him with something is unacceptable. There are foods that are prohibited on the fox terrier menu.
What can you give?
The basis of the diet of a toy fox terrier, as a predator, should be meat. It has the optimal protein content. But besides him, other foods are useful. For a responsible owner, the question of what a toy fox terrier can eat should come first when caring for a pet. Veterinarians and breeders with extensive experience in breeding and keeping these fox terriers will be able to give you competent recommendations on the nutrition of mini dogs.
- Beef meat, rabbit meat. Can I feed chicken? It depends on whether you are allergic to bird protein.
- By-products (kidney, heart, beef liver, tripe).
- Marine white fish.
- Milk (only puppies, young fox terrier chicks are given to drink).
- Fermented milk products: cottage cheese, low-fat cheese, fermented baked milk, kefir, yogurt.
- Dried black bread.
- Salt (just a little). Better to use marine.
- Soaked and slightly cooked cereals (buckwheat, rolled oats, rice).
- Egg yolks.
- Vegetables (carrots, cabbage, pumpkin, zucchini, cucumbers, tomatoes), herbs.
- Fruits, berries.
- Seeds, unsalted nuts in small quantities.
- Garlic (once a week, give a few finely chopped cloves), as an anthelmintic and antiparasitic agent.
- Industrial feed compositions, not lower than premium.
What can not be fed?
When composing a menu for a Russian fox terrier, they take into account what is harmful and useful for him. We suggest that you familiarize yourself with how to regale a mini fox terrier is unacceptable.
What you don’t need to give:
- pork, other types of fatty meat;
- river fish (often infested with parasites, contains many sharp bones);
- sausage, sausages;
- smoked meats;
- spicy, salty, pickled foods;
- pasta, baked goods;
- coffee Tea;
- citrus fruits, exotic fruits;
- raisins, grapes;
- peas (causes flatulence in the intestines);
- potatoes (contains a lot of starch), mushrooms.
It is strictly forbidden to give alcohol to a miniature dog!
The best way to feed a toy terrier, you can find the answer here. You can feed a doggie with natural products and ready-made dry or wet factory feed. The choice of the type of food for the toy terrier is mainly influenced by the availability of free time of the owner of the dog and the ability to compose a diet.
Feeding dry prepared food
Prepared dry food – fully balanced rations. Additional baits are not required with such a diet. You can saturate your pet with dry or soaked granules.
Advantages of dry feeding:
- Prevention of dental problems (chewing “drying” gets rid of plaque, calculus, causing tooth decay).
- The ability to control the calories consumed.
- Convenience (you do not need to often buy food, paint a diet, cook, you can take it for a walk, on a trip).
- Hygiene (dry food will not stain the fox terrier, it’s bedding, and the owner).
- Consistency, the balance of the composition, which has a positive effect on digestion, regularity of the stool.
- Variety of food, covering all ages, sizes, lifestyles.
When feeding dogs with dry food, constant availability of water is required. This will prevent the development of urolithiasis.
Economy class feed
Using drying feeding, it is strictly forbidden to regale the Toy fox Terrier with economy class pellets. These feeds have one advantage. They are affordable for everyone. But there is no meat in cheap pellets. A large proportion of the product is made up of pea flour, other components that are difficult for the digestion and health of the animal: ground skins, bones, artificial stabilizers, dyes, flavors. There is no benefit from feeding with cheap dry food. Economy granules: Pedigree, Chappy, Darlings, Happy Dog – fill the stomach volume, only creating the illusion of satiety.
Dry food of medium, premium class, more expensive. They are affordable, of acceptable quality, but poor in vitamins. This includes the products of the Proplan, Bozita, Royal Canin, Hills brands. Fox terrier live well on such a diet, if you additionally introduce fortified supplements, increase the portions. The savings here are questionable since you will have to buy the necessary components.
Super Premium class (holistic)
Super Premium class feed, the so-called holistic. Expensive. They consist only of the freshest natural high-quality varieties of meat, vegetables, fruits, suitable even for human nutrition. Such granules contain the whole complex of substances necessary for the harmonious development and growth of a dog: nutrients, vitamins, minerals, probiotics. In the production of Super Premium feed, we do not use colorants or ingredients that cause allergic reactions that are harmful to animal health. Korma Akana, Kanida, Origen, Grandorf, Pronatur are the leaders in the holistic rating.
From all the variety of ready-made food, you can choose the one that will be useful for your dog, suit her taste. The only drawback of dry feeding is the high cost of quality products from well-known brands. But, given the miniature size of toy terriers, not much food is needed.
What should be contained in quality dry food?
The ingredients of a good feed must be certain ingredients. A high-quality product includes:
- at least five sources of carbohydrates (for example, rice, rolled oats, flaxseed);
- more than two sources of protein (beef, fish, chicken);
- at least three types of fruits, vegetables;
- enzymes and probiotics (bacteria that allow you to suppress harmful microflora in the intestines, digest food, absorb nutrients);
- vitamin and mineral supplements.
Advice: buy dry food only in specialized stores, in original, factory packaging. You can not take loose granules (may be expired) on the street, in open pavilions, kiosks that do not comply with the appropriate humidity and temperature storage indicators.
If the toy fox terrier has a tendency to consume a small amount of water, it is better to prefer canned food. This will prevent urinary tract diseases and dehydration.
Mixing dry and wet food or canned food is allowed if they are produced by the same brand.
All animals have different needs and characteristics of the body. Not every most expensive and highly publicized product is right for your dog. Let’s take a look at some of the veterinarian recommendations for choosing the best dog food.
L. Rudnitskaya, veterinarian: “When buying, pay attention to the amount of protein indicated on the package. The high protein content confirms the high quality of the product. The cereals indicated in the first place make it possible to classify the feed as an economic product. Cereals are poorly digested, have low nutritional value, only dull the feeling of hunger, filling the stomach. The low quality of feed is evidenced by the presence of preservatives, dyes, food flavorings. These substances are carcinogenic. Undermining the health of the dog can cause anemia, allergies, and itching.
Super Premium Granules contain natural antioxidants, herbs, probiotics, vitamins. This includes by-products of the highest category: liver, the heart of cattle, poultry.
Sometimes even the best-prepared food is harmful to the dog. An allergic reaction caused by any component indicates intolerance to any of the ingredients. In this case, a different feed is selected or the animal is transferred to a natural feed.
Products of the Holistic class include several types of meat, vegetables, fruits, digestive enzymes that help quick and better digestion of food, pro-and prebiotics, fortified complexes. Such food is good for animals and will not harm human health. For feeding toy terriers I recommend brands: Go Naturel, Origen, Earthborn . ”
V. Olshansky, veterinarian: “ Purina PRO PLAN complete food for dogs provides good nutrition. When feeding, no additional introduction of nutrients is required. The company produces healthy snacks for treating pets, and special biscuits for training. Lines of food for animals with sensitive digestion have been developed. Granules do not contain components that cause the accumulation of fat, the formation of excess weight. Provide a regular feeding regime, daily intake. The food is suitable for feeding those who like to eat tightly – toy terriers. And the availability of healthy treats will be appreciated by owners who love to pamper their pets with goodies. “
S. Andreichenko, veterinarian: “Producers of economy feeds advertise their products very competently, correctly promoting their product among consumers. Not every owner thinks about the diet of his pet and the composition of the feed. Many pet-friendly additives are added to the product. Seeing with what appetite the dog eats pellets, inexperienced owners conclude that the food is good. Economy-class pellets are designed for a wide range of consumers. They are sold in any supermarket and even in a small grocery store. People who do not know, who have little interest in what is included in it, buy. If there is demand, then there is supply. Until they acquire, until then they will release. This food is not suitable for feeding miniature dogs, including toy terriers. There is no need to save on food for a small fox terrier: it does not need so much. “
Features of feeding with natural food
Natural feeding has its advantages. Such food is more natural, natural. It allows you to diversify the dog’s menu as much as possible. But, having chosen this type of feeding fox terrier, you need to know that you cannot store cooked food. The bowl is removed 15 minutes after eating, and the leftovers are thrown away.
Experienced breeders, when asked the best way to feed adult toy fox terriers from homemade food, advise choosing only fresh, good quality products. Be sure to supplement the diet with vitamins and minerals, especially in autumn and spring.
2/3 of the dog’s diet should be protein components, represented by meat and dairy products, fish, eggs, offal. 1/3 – cereals, the best – fruits, vegetables.
You can switch from dry food to natural food. But they do it by gradually replacing the usual product. Completely exclude it from the diet after 10-14 days.
An approximate menu of an adult toy terrier for a week with two meals a day:
|Day of week||Dish|
|Monday||Breakfast: finely chopped beef or minced veal, rice, herbs.|
Dinner: cottage cheese with honey, egg yolk, flax oil.
|Tuesday||Breakfast: rabbit meat, oatmeal, herbs.|
Dinner: sea fish, fermented baked milk.
|Wednesday||Breakfast: beef heart, finely chopped,|
Dinner: sea fish, grated apple, carrot.
|Thursday||Breakfast: veal, rice, herbs, stewed zucchini.|
Dinner: sea fish, sauerkraut, rye croutons.
|Friday||Breakfast: beef liver, rolled oats, grated stewed pumpkin, wheat germ oil.|
Dinner: low-fat cottage cheese with honey, grated pear.
|Saturday||Breakfast: chicken breast (minced meat), herbs, buckwheat porridge, corn oil, peach pieces.|
Dinner: sea fish, boiled beets, carrots, herbs.
|Sunday||Breakfast: pieces of beef, egg yolk, rice, grated zucchini, herbs, sesame oil.|
Dinner: curdled milk, banana pieces, pears.
Features of feeding toy terrier puppies
During the growth period, the puppy goes through several stages when a different ratio of nutrients is required for correct physiological development. It is important to understand what the baby needs at one time or another. So, what to feed a puppy of this breed?
Check with the breeder what the baby ate before moving into your home. At first, the diet should remain the same. Switching to a different type of feeding will cause even more stress to the puppy.
To replenish energy, fox terrier children need a lot of calories, because they are very active. But the baby’s pancreas cannot cope with fatty foods, it is still very weak for such a load. A fox terrier puppy needs a protein meal to generate energy. Proteins are easily absorbed by the puppy’s body.
At 1 month old, the doggie is offered warm milk, low-fat cottage cheese ground on a coffee grinder, and boiled rice. You can already give a hard-boiled egg, with the addition of a few drops of vegetable oil, or a small omelet. A month-old baby is fed with finely chopped boiled beef and chicken meat, fish, grated offal (heart, liver). Grated vegetables are given: pumpkin, carrots.
And here is what a toy fox terrier puppy is fed with from 2 months to 3. Two-month-old babies are given the same food. The number of feedings is reduced, and the portion size is increased. The volume of dairy products is gradually decreasing due to their replacement with meat products.
At the age of three to five months, the dogs begin to be fed with raw vegetables and fruits, and more stewed vegetables are introduced. Milk must be included in the diet.
At 6 months, the fox terrier is transferred to three meals a day and is given the same food as an adult fox terrier.
A newborn baby does not need extra fluids. They get everything they need with their mother’s milk. From the age of three weeks, you can offer the puppy a drink by pouring warm water into his mouth with a syringe or pipette. When he learns to drink on his own, do not remove the bowl of liquid. Dogs should always have access to water.
Feeding “mini” toy terrier
For miniature toys, special foods have been developed that take into account the mobility of the dogs. They replenish the energy spent in games, do not cause excess weight. For example, Royal Canin offers Mini Adult dog food. It has everything to keep the skin healthy, and the pet’s coat – smooth, shiny. The size of the granules allows for small jaws and teeth. The taste will suit the most capricious pet.
fox terrier chiks are picky about food. During their lives, they can try a variety of products.
Remember! Do not mix dry and cooked food in one meal.
When feeding finished products, the following rules are followed:
- do not soak granules with different liquids (broth, water, milk);
- feed is given as much as recommended on the package;
- the brand of products is changed gradually;
- it is useful to water vegetables with extra-pressed oils (milk thistle, wheat germ, sesame, corn);
- when choosing pellets, the age of the fox terrier is taken into account; products that do not meet this criterion are not given.
Unfortunately, no matter how well-known the brand is, no matter how balanced the composition of the food, the toy terrier can have problems. If your fox terrier has increased tearing, the fox terrier is suffering from incessant itching, the coat has become dull or oily, and the stool has acquired an unusual color and an unpleasant odor – this indicates that the food is not suitable, it needs to be changed urgently.
Why not eat?
Sometimes Toychik, who was previously happy to eat a portion of food and begging for supplements, refuses to eat. You should watch your pet. If the baby does not eat, but at the same time is active and happily rushes about on the street, there is no need to worry. Perhaps it’s just a dog’s whims. A fox terrier can eat poorly if he is tired of the usual food, or, conversely, the new food does not arouse his appetite. The menu is adjusted, boring food is removed, and a new product is removed for a while.
Refusal to eat can be caused by heat or stress due to a change of residence or loss of a host. This is a serious shake-up for the canine body. But over time, the fox terrier will get used to it. During this period, the doggie especially needs affection and care.
It happens that dogs do not eat well during puberty, estrus, or pregnancy when the hormonal background of the animal changes.
Nervousness, the aggression of the owner towards the pet during feeding can cause his negative associations with food, the fox terrier will be afraid to approach the bowl of food and eat. You should be more patient with your little friend.
But, there are serious symptoms that cannot be ignored. What should be alarming:
- the fox terrier has chills, high or low temperature;
- in the baby’s tummy it boils, there are frequent regurgitation, profuse vomiting;
- the stool became more frequent, became liquid, with admixtures of greenery, mucus, blood;
- eyes reddened, festering;
- the fox terrier not only refuses to eat but also does not drink;
- severe itching;
- hair loss, skin rashes;
- unmotivated aggression attempts to hide in a secluded place.
Even one of these signs, or a combination of several, may indicate the development of a severe disease that can cause a quick death.
What to do?
See your veterinarian for any worries about your pet. Only a specialist will be able to correctly assess the condition of the fox terrier. The doctor will conduct the necessary research, make the correct diagnosis, and prescribe the appropriate treatment. If you cannot understand what caused the deterioration in appetite, it is better not to delay, do not self-medicate. If you miss the onset of the disease, you can lose your devoted four-legged friend.
Take our advice. If you are attentive to the dog, choose the right food for your toy fox terrier, he will not have digestive problems. The puppy will quickly develop and grow up as a beautiful dog with good posture, strong teeth, and a well-groomed coat. Remember that a good attitude, proper care, and well-balanced nutrition will keep your pet vigorous and healthy until his old age.