Before buying a dachshund – a small, quick-witted dog of a hunting breed – future owners think about how to raise this short-legged fidget. The question of how to feed the dachshund is also important. This doggie is not capricious in content. But in order for the animal to remain healthy, to have an attractive appearance, you need to know what dachshunds eat and organize proper nutrition. After all, the duration of her life depends on how you feed your pet.
Dachshund feeding habits depend on the age of the dog. When feeding dachshunds, it is important to adhere to these rules:
- Adult dachshunds are given food after a walk. A heavy lunch before walking can lead to volvulus. A well-fed dachshund is allowed to rest for several hours. At this time, you can not offer the dog active games, engage in training.
- The puppy, on the other hand, is fed before going outside. After eating, babies need to use the toilet.
- The dachshund should have access to clean, better filtered, drinking water around the clock.
- It is important to maintain a balance between the amount of food eaten and the physical activity of the dog. The dachshund has a good appetite and a tendency to obese. With the low activity of the dog, the portion of food is reduced. Movable dog – increase.
- Uneaten food is removed – for a dachshund that has satisfied hunger, the leftovers of feeding will be superfluous, the overeating dog will get fat. Overfeeding is dangerous for the elongated spinal column of the dachshund threatens the formation of hernias of intervertebral discs and paralysis of the back of the body.
- They feed the dachshund with warm food. Cold and hot food can be harmful to health.
- Do not add salt to your dog’s food.
- You need to feed the dachshund at the same time. This will get rid of the habit of begging, will have a positive effect on the work of the digestive organs.
- You can not give food from your table – spiced, salty, or sweet food is harmful to the dog.
- Dachshunds are prone to allergies. If the dog itches, it has redness, new foods need to be removed from the diet. They could cause an allergic reaction in the pet.
How much and how often to feed a dachshund?
How much and how often to give food to a dog depends on its age, temperament, activity, season. The number of times a cub is fed to an adult dachshund is different.
Babies grow rapidly, gain weight, their metabolism is fast, the stomach is not able to digest large portions of food. The digestive tract empties quickly, so the puppies are fed frequently. A dwarf dachshund puppy up to three months of age is eaten 5 times a day, including at night. After they switch to four meals a day. The nutritional norms of babies are individual, depending on a particular breed line, which differs in weight. A good indicator will be an increase in body weight by 20 grams per day.
For an adult, mature dachshund, three meals a day will be enough: in the morning, at noon, and in the evening. It is permissible to feed the doggie twice if you cannot go home at lunchtime. Adhere to the formula – 40 g of feed per kilogram of dog weight.
What can you give?
Although dachshunds have an excellent appetite, they cannot be fed to everyone. An adult dog can eat the following foods:
- lamb, beef, rabbit meat (up to 70% of the total food mass). You can feed chicken if you are not allergic to poultry protein;
- raw beef liver, heart, kidneys;
- cereals made from buckwheat, rice, barley, oats;
- boneless sea fish;
- fermented milk products of low-fat content: cottage cheese, kefir, yogurt, yogurt;
- vegetables (zucchini, cabbage, carrots, pumpkin). With care – tomatoes, bell peppers (their skin is tough, remains undigested);
- quail eggs (once a week) or one boiled chicken yolk;
- fruits (if they are to taste) in small quantities due to the presence of fruit acids;
- vegetable oil (olive, corn, sunflower);
- seeds and nuts;
- dry food premium and super-premium class;
- calcium supplements, vitamin D.
What can not be given?
Most of the food that humans eat is not a good bait for dachshunds. Some of them are poisonous to dogs. You can not give the dwarf dachshund the following foods:
- Sausages, smoked meats.
- Fat, pork.
- Chicken bones, legs, heads. Beef, lamb ribs.
- Bakery products, pasta.
- Pickles, marinades, sauces.
- Sweets, including chocolate.
- Ice cream.
- Salt, sweeteners, spices.
- River bony fish.
- Raisins, grapes, citrus fruits, tropical fruits.
- Alcoholic drinks, coffee, tea.
Some dachshund owners prefer to feed their pets with natural food, considering such food to be more natural and varied. Others believe that it is preferable to feed ready-made dry food with a balanced composition of nutrients, minerals, and vitamins.
When picking up a puppy from its mother, it is important to ask the breeder what kind of food the baby is accustomed to. At first, the diet is left familiar to the baby. In the future, if the new owner wishes, a gradual transfer of the animal to a new type of feeding is possible.
Features of feeding dry food and ready-made food
What is the best way to feed an adult dachshund? Dry food is expensive but has many benefits. They save the dog’s owner’s time (no need to make up a diet, constantly purchase food, cook). Drying is stored for a long time, serves as a good prevention of tartar formation. It is convenient to take granules with you on a trip or a walk. They take up little space, do not stain the owner’s things and the dog itself.
Having stopped the choice in favor of dry food, it is important to buy products of at least premium class. Economy class products contain bean meals, heavy for dogs, and slaughterhouse waste (skins, cartilage, bone meal, heavy for the digestive tract of small dogs). There is no meat there. Such food has no value, it only fills the stomach with low-quality food. An overabundance of salts, dyes, flavors with long-term use of such products causes urolithiasis, liver disease, and digestive organs.
Premium food is intended for the daily feeding of tailed pets. They contain essential minerals and vitamins, so you don’t need to purchase them separately. Super-premium products are made from natural ingredients. The best dachshund food on the market is considered holistic, made from high-grade natural products: meat, cereals, vegetables, suitable even for human nutrition.
Many well-known brands offer a variety of food lines, including those for feeding adult dogs and puppies of different ages, weights, and breeds. For small dog breeds, the pellets will be small in size. Special dietary foods with low-fat content for obese dogs, hypoallergenic brands for pets with increased sensitivity to certain products have been developed.
The best are the ready-made industrial feeds of such well-known manufacturers: Royal Canin, Proplan, Bosch, Origen, Eukanuba, Hills, Monge, Belkando. The optimal content of nutrients here is a guarantee of the vigor and well-being of the four-legged friend.
The benefits of dry food are confirmed by experts. Doctors disagree about which food is best for dachshunds. Here are some of the reviews on ready-made, industrial feeding guide:
A. Rudenskaya, veterinarian: “If you saw corn in the list of ingredients when choosing food on the package, this is an economy class food: this culture is poorly digested and does not provide any benefit except filling the stomach. Premium food contains natural antioxidants, by-products of the highest category (liver, heart). Feathers, intestines, lungs are contained only in economy class feed. Recently appeared hollistics are useful for animals and humans. They contain high-quality meat products, probiotics, a complex of vitamins. These are such feeds – Acana, Orijen, Go Natural, Earthborn.
D. Vasiliev, veterinarian: “I consider Akan’s feed to be impeccable in quality and composition. For puppies and dogs of small breeds, including dachshunds, you can easily choose a brand that matches the breed, age, weight, and the presence of chronic diseases. The composition includes only fresh, selected, not frozen ingredients (meat, vegetables, fruits).
I. Radinsky, veterinarian: “Dry food-holistic“ Pronatur ”is one of the best in this category. Has a completely balanced composition. Manufactured for about 60 years, under the strictest quality control. The company employs only veterinarians-nutritionists with extensive experience. Only the highest quality and freshest products are allowed for production. The food is ideal for adult dogs and puppies.
Features of feeding with natural food
Eating natural food is chosen by owners who have a lot of free time to purchase, compose the right diet for their pet. Naturalka allows you to diversify the dog’s menu. There is no doubt about the freshness of the products. Disadvantages of this type of food: high time consumption and short shelf life of food.
The mass fraction of meat to replenish the energy costs of the tax should be from 30 to 60%, fish – half as much, cereals – up to 40%, vegetables – up to 50% of the total mass of the daily menu. The diet is made up of choosing products that enrich the body of the dachshund with various components. New products are introduced slowly, gradually replacing old food, so that an unfamiliar component is not rejected. All ingredients are prepared separately. After cooling they are mixed in a bowl. Dry food is diluted with broth.
Food is prepared with a consistency reminiscent of a semi-liquid porridge. To develop the jaws and self-cleaning them from plaque, meat and fresh vegetables are placed separately. It is difficult to find food that meets all needs. Therefore, you will have to additionally purchase mineral and vitamin complexes.
An approximate menu for a week, what you can feed dachshunds, table:
|Day of week||Dishes|
|Monday||1. Raw rabbit meat, flakes drenched in warm milk, cottage cheese, vegetable oil, grated raw carrots.2. Raw beef meat, flakes, grated zucchini, vitamins.|
|Tuesday||1. Low-fat lamb, fermented baked milk, grated apple, oatmeal porridge, vegetable oil.2. Boiled liver, rice porridge, boiled crushed pumpkin, vegetable oil, finely chopped greens.|
|Wednesday||1. Boiled pollock, rice porridge, cauliflower stew, half a chicken yolk, vegetable oil.2. Beef, millet porridge, grated vegetables.|
|Thursday||1. Raw beef tripe, chopped, wheat porridge, grated pear, yogurt.2. Low-fat cottage cheese with mineral additives, wheat croutons, grated cucumber.|
|Friday||1. Raw chicken hearts, semolina porridge, tomato, juice.2. Raw sprat, buckwheat porridge, stewed zucchini, herbs, vegetable oil.|
|Saturday||1. Finely chopped beef, fried pink salmon, oatmeal. Grated walnut. Cabbage stewed with tomato.2. Fermented baked milk, dog biscuits, beef-bone.|
|Sunday||1. Raw chicken breast, rice porridge, sunflower seeds, herbs, apple.2. Rabbit meat, wheat porridge, grated pumpkin, herbs, corn oil.|
Features of feeding during pregnancy and lactation
The time of gestation and feeding of the offspring is the period when special attention should be paid to the nutrition of the dog. After all, what the mother gets goes to the kids.
What to give a pregnant dachshund?
Your dachshund needs good quality nutrition during pregnancy. The diet does not change for the first half of the gestation period. In the second half, along with the growth of the dachshund, the daily feeding rate is increased. The dog should not starve, but he should not overeat either. How to feed a dachshund properly so that it does not gain weight? During this period, the expectant mother is offered more protein products: fish, meat, dairy food. Porridge, which contains a lot of fiber and starch, gives less.
During the gestation period, the bitch adds a lot of vegetables to the food as a source of vitamins, they buy or prepare the mineral and vitamin complexes themselves. A large number of them are spent on the formation of fruits. Particular attention is paid to ensure that there is enough calcium in the feed. Its deficiency is washed out of the mother’s bones, which can cause the development of a life-threatening condition of the dachshund, eclampsia.
The daily portion of food is divided into two meals, from 1.5 months of pregnancy – into three. If the dachshund is dry-fed, he is offered maternity or puppy pellets. There is no need to introduce additional minerals and vitamins – there are enough of them in the feed.
How to feed a dachshund during lactation?
For the correct development of puppies, it is important to formulate a competent diet for her feeding. After giving birth, for the first three days, mom is shown dairy food: porridge and cottage cheese. Then the dog is given meat broth and meat.
A breastfeeding girl should be given plenty of fluids to improve lactation. From the fifth day, the dog can be transferred to its usual menu. But you need to make sure that the cubs do not have a chair from this or that unsuitable product for them. From the third or fourth week of the life of babies, the need for mineral and vitamin supplements in the mother’s diet especially increases.
A dachshund puppies feeding guide
The best way to feed a dachshund puppy, you can find out from breeders who have extensive experience in keeping dogs of this breed. A veterinarian can give recommendations on proper nutrition, help form a diet. A lot of information can be found on the breed forums.
A very tiny baby is given baby food grated on a blender or rolled in a meat grinder with the addition of cereals. Sometimes novice owners try to regale the baby with less food than necessary, hoping that the puppy will grow slowly and remain miniature. This will not stop the growth of the dog, it will be the same as the parents. But lack of food will lead to rickets, developmental delay.
In the question of how to feed a 1-month-old dachshund puppy at home, advice from experienced owners will help. At this age, they follow a milk diet. Little by little, they begin to introduce solid food: grated vegetables, meat, cottage cheese.
At 1.5 months, babies are offered a raw liver, rich in B vitamins, which are necessary for building the tissues of the nervous system.
How to cater for a dachshund puppy at 2 months old? A two-month-old baby is fed with boiled fish. Bones are removed beforehand.
In a three-month-old puppy, teeth begin to change. At this time, he needs a lot of calcium, the dog is offered cartilage.
At 4 months, the puppy’s diet is the same as that of an adult dachshund.
A healthy dachshund usually easily adapts to different foods and changes in feeding regimes. But it is advisable to cater for the dog in small portions, familiar to dogs. The fact that the feeding is selected correctly as indicated by the appearance, the ease with which the dachshund moves, whether it has digestive problems.
It is worth paying to the pet’s chair. If it is well-formed, does not have undigested particles, stony, the puppy does not ride on the priest, empties several times a day, then everything is in order with the food. After eating, the belly should be rounded, but not look like a thick barrel. Before the next feeding, the sides of the dachshund should drop noticeably.
If the diet is prepared correctly, the dachshund is moderately well-fed, active, and there will be no health problems.
Why not eat?
Sometimes it happens that the pet refuses to eat. At the same time, he happily frolics on walks, happily responds to the call. Do not be intimidated by a temporary decrease in appetite. This can be caused by a change in the usual food or by the fact that the usual food is tired of the dog. The dog refuses food in the hot season, or it needs to unload its stomach. Refusal to eat can be caused by moving, parting with the owner.
But if your dog not only ignores food but also does not drink water, the dog has loose stools, frequent vomiting, a high fever, most likely it is sick. Signs of the disease can be discharged from the nose, ears, eyes, photophobia, unmotivated aggression. A sick dog often tries to hide in a secluded place.
What to do about it?
Whatever makes the changes in the behavior of your dachshund dog, it is difficult for a novice owner to understand the reasons for the change. See your veterinarian as soon as possible. Only a specialist will be able to understand the symptoms of the disease, if necessary, he will conduct examinations, make an accurate diagnosis, and prescribe the correct treatment.