The Bengal cat is one of the most ancient breeds, whose fascinating color of the representative belongs to the past times of the feline family. They look like animals in the wild, foraging for themselves. Many years have passed, these pets have become domestic cats with an attractive appearance, playful disposition.
Bengalis are larger in size and weight than all other cats, their average weight reaches 7-8 kilograms. Despite the “harsh” appearance, they are gifted with a sensitive digestive system, therefore, it is necessary to keep the cats strictly according to the instructions. Consider the basic principles of what and how to feed domestic Bengal cats.
Features of feeding Bengal kittens
Food recipe for kittens is an important element of development, on which the further health of the pet depends. It is important that the animal’s diet is balanced, the kitten receives all the necessary vitamins and minerals. The key role in shaping the feeding strategy of a young cat is played by what the breeders fed him. Consider the basic nutritional principles of a Bengali kitten.
There are two types of feeding: natural and forage. Natural means the consumption of meat, fish, cereals, vegetables, dairy products. With the second type of food, the cat is offered dry food, which already contains all the necessary components and is balanced. This option will allow you to more accurately form the kittens’ diet.
When choosing the type of food, it is important to take into account the past experience of the cat and give him what the breeders gave him. You can not abruptly transfer a Bengali to dry food if before that he was treated to natural food, and vice versa. The change in the regimen and diet must be carried out gradually, diluting the pet’s food with the desired food. It is better for an animal if the transfer from one type of food to another will last for a month.
According to experts, it is best for a Bengal baby if, after weaning from the nipple, his diet is based on natural food. This is the best way to feed a Bengal kitten in terms of digestibility efficiency. But even if you feed a kitten of this breed fully and varied, it still needs to be given special vitamin complexes. It is impossible to calculate the full value of nutrition with a natural type of feeding.
A kitten under 4 months old is fed at least 5 times during the day. It should be boiled meat (not fatty), boiled fish, vegetable porridge, cereals rich in fiber, eggs, dairy products. After four months, kittens can be treated less often, offering food 4 times, and after 9 months, 3 meals will be enough. The latest changes to the feeding schedule occur in one year, the Bengal cat is fed twice a day.
What can you feed a kitten for up to a year:
- meat. The meat content in the diet should be 80% of all food eaten by the seal. It can be boiled beef, chicken, rabbit. It is better not to feed Bengal kittens with pork, lamb, and other, heavier-to-digest meats;
- offal. Twice a week, you can replace clean meat with boiled liver or hearts, while you need to carefully monitor the reaction of the crumbs’ body to new foods;
- a fish. Fish is very important for a growing body – it contains a large number of vitamins, valuable fatty acids that cannot be obtained from other foods. The fish must be boiled, the bones must be removed so that the homemade pussy does not get hurt. Most useful are redfish, such as trout or pink salmon;
- porridge. The greatest value for Bengal kittens is oat, wheat, buckwheat. You should not neglect cereals – this is the main source of dietary fiber, fiber, and iron, which are necessary for the full functioning of the intestines;
- vegetables. Vegetable food is healthy and should be represented by boiled vegetables, chopped or chopped in a blender. Beets and carrots are well tolerated by this breed. Potatoes should not be given to either young or adult cats;
- dairy products. If a Bengali’s reaction to cow’s milk can be negative, then fermented milk dishes will only be useful. Especially you need to pay attention to sour cream, kefir, fermented baked milk.
Feeding an adult Bengali cat
The best way to feed your cat, dry food or natural food, depends on each individual owner. Ready-made feeds are considered balanced, contain the entire range of nutrients that a pet needs. Such nutrition has many advantages, but there are also disadvantages.
A cat’s health depends on what kind of food it is fed since some dry or wet food contains components that are undesirable for Bengalis. These are unnatural flavors and flavoring additives, on which the cat becomes addicted, soy pomace, and other low-quality components. Every cheap cat food has these qualities.
More expensive feeds are made from a variety of high-quality products, they include vitamins and nutritional components. These products have a higher value. There are 4 main classes of feed, which are qualitatively different from each other. To figure out which feed is better, let’s rank the most popular companies that produce industrial rations:
- economy class – “Meow”, “Kitekat”, “Whiskas”;
- premium class for cats – Royal Canin Bengal Adult, Mother Babycat Royal Canin, Hills, Bozita;
- super-premium class – “1st Choice”, “Arden Grange”, “Cimiao”, “Chicopee adult cat”;
- holistic – “Acana”, “Orijen”, “Chicken Soup”.
The best product for Bengal cats will belong to the holistic class – these foods are completely suitable for animals of a particular breed. You can use the more common feed at a lower cost, but the quality of such products will be appropriate. How to feed your pet dry food is described in the package. There you can also find information on how to calculate the daily volume for a specific animal, taking into account its weight and age.
You can feed the Bengal cat with natural food just as effectively and fully. The adult diet of an animal is built in proportion: one part of the food of animal origin to one part of the vegetable. These are boiled meat, for example, beef or chicken, boiled fish, liver, hearts, kidneys, lungs, stomachs, raw and boiled vegetables, for example, carrots or beets, cereals (wheat, oatmeal).
A neutered cat or a neutered Bengal cat should be fed premium, super-premium, or holistic low-calorie foods. It is imperative to ensure constant access to fresh water. From natural feeds, it is better to stay on lean and protein ones, for example, on poultry meat and cereals based on it.
Whatever you feed the Bengal cat, you need to additionally give the animal vitamins. For Bengalis, specialized complexes with a high content of calcium and magnesium are needed. The main indicator that food (natural or industrial) is suitable for an animal is its activity and well-being.
Feeding principles for pregnant and lactating Bengal cats
For Bengal cats, pregnancy can be a little more difficult than for other breeds – this is due to the size of the kittens. It is very important during and after pregnancy to properly formulate the animal’s diet. In both cases, you can buy specialized food for Bengal cats or try to treat the animal with a variety of natural foods.
The feeding system deserves special attention – this is the amount and volume of food offered to the pet. In the first month of pregnancy, there may be difficulties associated with the refusal of the cat from food. Under such conditions, you will have to show humility, try to adapt to the new taste choice of the animal. Bengal cats during this period can eat selectively or little – this is normal if the pet feels good at the same time.
During the second month of pregnancy, your pussy may have a significant increase in appetite – you should not limit it in food recipes. Let the animal eat as much as it needs. The emphasis should be on fatty fish and boiled meat. Do not forget about vitamin complexes for pregnant cats. Towards the end of pregnancy, the ardor in food needs to be cooled by reducing the number of meals, the volume of portions. This must be done so that the kittens do not turn out to be too big, and there are no complications during childbirth.
A lactating cat needs to be treated as much as the animal asks, without restricting it in anything. The emphasis must be made on liquids – this is beef broth with pieces of meat and warm milk. If you offer dry food, then it must be soaked in the same broth. Products such as cottage cheese, health cheese, sour cream, cream will be especially useful.
What to avoid mistakes when feeding a Bengal cat?
An important condition for the correct keeping of the animal is knowledge of the list of things that absolutely must not be fed to the Bengal cat. The following list of products will help you avoid a number of mistakes in the feeding process:
- sweet and salty;
- pork meat and offal;
- fresh milk;
- raw liver;
- potatoes in any form;
- onions, garlic, tomatoes;
- grapes and raisins;
The consumption of the presented products by Bengals cat can cause not only digestive upset but also lead to serious illness and injury.