Guppies are the most unpretentious fish living in home aquariums. There are countless colors variety of this species, due to the fact that fish of the same color are not averse to interbreeding with an individual that is completely different from it. Male guppies are distinguished by a large, colored, fluffy tail, the color appears earlier than in females. You need to know how to keep and choose the right food for guppies.
The guppies do not require special care, it is important that there are 2 – 3 females per male, this will prevent the female’s corral and the enmity of the males among themselves. For 15-20 individuals, a 40-liter tank is sufficient. Any soil is acceptable, natural is better, you can collect sand with small stones on a river or lake, a thin layer of soil is enough.
Aquarium vegetation is required, the fish will bite the plants, getting nutrients, guppy fry will be able to hide in them.
A filter, a heater is needed if the water change will take place less often than once every three weeks, and keeping the water temperature below 18 degrees. For control, a thermometer must be placed in the tank; it is sold in pet stores. Light is required, modern tanks are sold with lids with built-in lamps. If your aquarium does not have such equipment, you can use external lighting conditions.
Many novice aquarists are interested in what food is best to feed guppies, it is not difficult, but you need to know the needs in order to avoid overfeeding. For the cultivation of high-quality decorative offspring, proper nutrition is invaluable. They feed three times daily, one meal is not enough for a balanced diet.
Food is purchased for small fish species. Males have a bright color of the tail; to maintain the color, it is necessary to give the fish special flaky food that maintains the color 2-3 times a week. It is important not to overfeed or starve your guppies, as this can be fatal. Guppies are omnivorous, do not require complex food preparation.
The best foods for guppy fish:
- Live food (guppies love such food): bloodworms, daphnia, tubule worms (contain a lot of proteins), the fruit fly. In winter, they give frozen cyclops, bloodworms, salted, soaked food.
- Plant food. They teach it on fasting days, give it a suitable size. Fresh boiled nettle leaves, lettuce, spinach, seaweed are suitable. Sometimes bread, biscuits, slightly overcooked semolina, and rolled oats are allowed.
- Dry food. Gammarus, daphnia are used as additional, mixed with try vitamin A, C, E (3 drops per size of food from a matchbox) or fish oil (a few drops).
Cloudy water with frequent replacement indicates overfeeding i.e. too frequent feeding.
Guppy fry needs special nutritious food available in the store, which is useful even for adult guppies. Babies are born alive, so guppies are viviparous fish. Fry must be separated from adults. The diet consists of small brine shrimp, bloodworms, finely chopped beef heart, egg yolk mixed with water. The stomachs of the guppies fish are small, they are fed 6-7 times a day. Cloudy water with frequent replacement indicates overfeeding i.e. too frequent feeding. In this case, you need to reduce the portions and monitor the size of the pieces. After about 4-5 days, the fry is put back into the large tank. You need to make sure that the guppies do not overeat, try to throw food in front of them, for adults this is not necessary, they should be active in search of food. Many pet owners feed their pets six times a week.
- Overfeeding symptoms:
- The appearance of a “tummy” and a bulging chest in males indicates too high-calorie diet. It is necessary to reduce the amount of food, replace nutritious foods with beef heart, cut into pieces and low-fat ham;
- A stretching thread of excrement is a sign of an overeating bowel clogged;
- Cloudy, dirty aquarium water indicates excess nutrition and waste. Then they change 25-30% of the liquid once a week, with overpopulation with fish – more often.
The feed should be varied and chopped. Constant feeding with dry food discolors the guppies, the tail loses its veil appearance, and causes disruption of the gastrointestinal tract. Feeding adult guppies of different sexes by “drying” leads to infertility. The exception is high-quality balanced special food for guppies. Complete, rich, and varied complementary foods will make your pets even more beautiful.
You should learn to distinguish between the sex of the guppies. The male guppy is much smaller in size, has a fluffy tail, an elongated body, colored fins. Female guppy – with rounded shapes, faded body, variegated tail. Individuals reach sexual maturity at the same time at the age of 5-6 months.
Guppies breed frequently. The male chases the female for a long time, at the moment when she is tired, in a fraction of a second, fertilizes her with the help of an anal fin. After a couple of days, a small black dot will appear under the tail of the female guppies, indicating successful fertilization, after a couple of weeks, small eyes inside the expectant mother will be visible.
The female guppies bear the fry 35-50 days after fertilization, depending on the temperature of the water. Before giving birth, 2-3 days before the fry are born, the fish begins to lead a sedentary lifestyle, refuses to eat. With such symptoms, recommend that the female is immediately deposited in a separate container, a three-liter jar is suitable, this is done so that during childbirth the inhabitants of the tank do not eat the brood. The number of cubs depends on the age of the female, the younger – the less, in the last couple of times before death, the female can give birth to up to fifty fries. After hatching the fry, the female guppies are returned to the main aquarium: she can eat the offspring, competing with him for food.
Given the easy care of the fish, guppies are ideal for novice breeders without burdening the owner with the unnecessary hassle.